Cyprus is the birthplace of the goddess Aphrodite according to the Greek mythology and the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia (both in terms of area and population). Its strategic place (it is found in the crossroads of Europe, Middle East and Africa) made Cyprus very important throughout the centuries and it was concurred by many including Greeks, Romans, Franks, Venicians, Ottomans and British. Everybody left behind remainings of a wonderful history blended together that can be found in ancient monuments and medieval buildings across the entire island.
The physical relief of the island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Pentadaktilos Range. The central plain they encompass, it is called Mesaoria and it is the most fertile land in Cyprus.
Legal Points of Entry
After 1974 and the Turkish invasion, geopolitically, the island is divided with The Republic of Cyprus to control only the southern two-thirds of the island. The legal ports of entry into the Republic of Cyprus are the airports of Larnaka (Larnaca) and Pafos (Paphos) and the ports of Larnaka (Larnaca), Lemesos (Limassol), Latsi and Pafos (Paphos), which are situated in the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
As a member of the European Union, Cyprus follows European norms and standards. The currency of the Republic used to be the Cyprus pound - CY£. As from the 1st of January 2008 the Cyprus pound has been replaced by the Euro.
Greek and Turkish are the main languages spoken by the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities respectively. English is widely spoken. French and German are also well spoken within the tourist industry.